West of England Joint Spatial Plan: Towards the Emerging Spatial Strategy

Towards the Emerging Spatial Strategy Document

Table 1: Strategic Development Locations and the rationale for inclusion in the emerging spatial strategy

 

Typology Strategic location Indicative number of dwellings Rationale for inclusion in the emerging spatial strategy Likely transport mitigations include
Urban Living Bristol 12,000 Urban living- the potential of urban areas to accommodate new homes- is a central part of the emerging Spatial Strategy. It is consistent with the objectives for the strategy. Ring of new and expanded Park & Rides around the Bristol urban area on the main corridors
Walking/cycling package
Bath 300 Urban living- the potential of urban areas to accommodate new homes- is a central part of the emerging Spatial Strategy. It is consistent with the objectives for the strategy. However, there are only limited additional opportunities above those currently identified in the B&NES Core Strategy & Placemaking Plan, particularly in light of the physical and environmental constraints which are a characteristic of the City. Conventional bus upgrading
Walking/cycling packages in addition to infrastructure needed to support Core Strategy growth
Weston 1,000 Urban living- the potential of urban areas to accommodate new homes- is a central part of the emerging Spatial Strategy. It is consistent with the objectives for the strategy. Weston rail improvements
MetroBus
Junction capacity improvements (inc M5 Jn 21)
North and East Fringe (S. Glos) 1,300 Urban living- the potential of urban areas to accommodate new homes- is a central part of the emerging Spatial Strategy. It is consistent with the objectives for the strategy. A420 P&R and MetroBus
Walking/cycling packages 
Ring Road junction improvements
Typology Strategic location Indicative number of dwellings Rationale for inclusion in the emerging spatial strategy Likely transport mitigations include
Outside the Green Belt proximity or well related in sustainable transport terms to urban centres Nailsea/ Backwell Up to 3,600 Nailsea/Backwell is located on the outer edge of the Green Belt, physically close to Bristol and with strong economic links but it will require transport infrastructure investment such as MetroBus to signnificantly improve connectivity and maximise opportunities for sustainable travel. Nailsea is a town where there is an existing objective to improve the mix and balance of housing and support existing and new services, jobs and facilities. Any growth needs to be carefully integrated to ensure that the existing services and facilities would help support the new development and benefit from the opportunities generated. Development is anticipated to take place generally to the west of Nailsea and Backwell which will bring significant challenges in terms of transport delivery, but avoids the Green Belt and principal flood zone areas. Station improvements
MetroBus
Junction improvements (inc M5 jn 21)
J20 to Nailsea new link
M5 to A38 Transport Corridor Up to 5,400 Development in this general location, possibly by a new garden village, provides the opportunity to significantly upgrade the transport infrastructure on this corridor as part of an overall objective of improving the A38 south of Bristol and improving connectivity for the Airport. This would target the A38 route to the south of the Airport, improving accessibility for economic development and access to new jobs to the south and east of Bristol. It creates potential improvements to M5 access at Weston, relieves pressure on A370 corridor and addresses long standing community impacts, notably a bypass to alleviate congestion in Banwell. As further growth at Weston is highly constrained by topography, flood plain and significant highway capacity issues, this provides an opportunity to provide future growth to meet Weston's needs, linked to the existing urban area by transport improvements. Significant mitigations including P&R (A38/M5 jn 21)
Junction improvements (inc M5 jn 21)
Banwell bypass would need to be delivered in advance to support this location
Typology Strategic location Indicative number of dwellings Rationale for inclusion in the emerging spatial strategy Likely transport mitigations include
Other Town expansions/new settlements Thornbury Up to 600 Additional development that consolidates/completes expansion to east of the town, appropriate to continue the revitalisation of the town centre and strengthen local services. Also provides additional opportunity for investment and provision of new local employment and will assist the case for MetroBus to improve access to BNF and Science Park. P&R (A38)
MetroBus
Junction improvements (inc M5 jn 16)
Charfield Up to 1,000 Provides an opportunity to enhance the sustainability of a key settlement in the north of the district thorugh growth supported by new services, facilities and employment opportunities. Charfield is situated on an existing live railway line. Whilst the station is currently closed any additional housing in this location could support a case for potentially reopening the station and rural bus improvements. Significant highway infrastructure may also be required. Also assists housing needs/demands for new homes in the north of the district. P&R (A38)
Junction improvements (inc M5 junction 14)
New Rail Station
Buckover Garden Village Up to 2,200 An opportunity has recently emerged beyond the Green Belt in SGC for a potential new garden village settlement (up to 3,000 dwellings) located to the east of Thornbury. This location provides the opportunity to deliver the first locally led garden village for West of England in the 21st Century. It could help the case for a step change in public transport to the locality, linking to MetroBus routes to enable access to the major employment centres in North Bristol. Significant highway infrastructure, including the strategic road network (M5) may also be required. It also potentially broadens the hosuing supply models in thew sub-region via a single ownership with genuinely visionary approach to place making and land value capture. Alongside planned expansion at Charfield it would also provide the opportunity for the local communities in the north of the district to meet housing pressures in a planned sustainable way. Buckover is also a potential growth point for any future Oldbury NNB. P&R (A38)
MetroBus
Junction improvements (inc M5 junction 14)
 
 
 
Typology Strategic location Indicative number of dwellings Rationale for inclusion in the emerging spatial strategy Likely transport mitigations include
Locations within or partially within the Green Belt SE Bristol Whitchurch Up to 3,500 Land south and east of Whitchurch Village performs relatively well in the sustainability appraisal because of its proximity to Bristol, and the choice of travel options available in this location. However, this location is only deliverable if substantial new sub-regional and local transport infrastructure is provided, focussing on public transport, including conventional bus service upgrading, new park & ride, and future Metrobus or rapid transit provision. Additional highways capacity would also be needed, to address underlying congestion issues, to provide access to new development and to release space for the public transport improvements. Housing capacity is constrained to about 3,500 dwellings to avoid causing unacceptable harm to nationally important heritage assets as well as retaining the Green Belt separation of Whitchurch Village from the Bristol Urban area. Whilst the location lies within the Green Belt and plays an important role in preventing urban sprawl, protecting the countryside and helping regeneration, the need to provide for strategic new growth, the relative sustainability of this location and its relative performance in Green Belt terms compared with other locations is evidence of the exceptional circumstances for the release of this location from the Green Belt (see Topic Paper on the Spatial Strategy Methodology). Walking & cycling package
Conventional bus upgrading
A37 new Park & Ride
Orbital MetroBus linking Whitchurch/Hicks Gate/city centre
A4-A37 new or improved orbital links (also facilitates Metrobus corridor)
 
Yate strategic corridor (Yate/ Chipping Sodbury) Up to 2,600 Strategic growth would consolidate longer term role as one of the principal market towns in the subregion benefiting from existing accessibilty & service provision as a significant urban centre, particularly area’s accessibility by rail. Alongside Coalpit Heath growth would support investment into rail and Metrobus extension along the A432 Badminton Road, improving access to Bristol City Centre, the Bristol North Fringe, Science Park and Emersons Green Enterprise Area. Long-term phased greenfield development would also support investment in regeneration and the town centres and improving the range and type of jobs and help to unlock potential brownfield development at the western gateway. Station improvements
MetroBus
P&R
Pinchpoint schemes and junction improvements
Winterbourne Frampton Cotterel bypass
North & East Keynsham Up to 1,100 This location performs well in the Sustainability Appraisal and will also be effective in helping to deliver the Plan’s Strategic Priorities. Being a town expansion situated on a strategic transport corridor well related to Bath & Bristol it fits well with the spatial strategy methodology as set out in Topic Paper 5 Spatial Strategy Methodology. The proximity to central Bristol provides the opportunity to exploit both existing and potential new sustainable transport infrastructure including conventional bus corridors, Park & Ride, the Bristol to Bath Railway line, the Bristol-Bath cycleway, and future MetroBus or rapid transit. However, any development in this location is dependent on the timely provision of significant new transport measures to enable new growth and to mitigate existing congestion. This includes new road infrastructure where appropriate to serve the potential development area and ease pressure in the town centre. Whilst part of this location lies outside the Green Belt, there are exceptional circumstances to justify removing the rest of the location from the Green Belt in light of its relative GB performance against other GB locations (see Topic Paper 5 on the Spatial Strategy Methodology). Development in this location will need to relate well to the existing settlement and take account of the views from the Cotswolds AONB. The capacity of the site is constrained by the floodplain and the need to respect the separate integrity of Keynsham and Saltford. Walking & cycling package including NCN4 link
Conventional bus upgrading
A4 Park & Ride relocation and/or expansion
A4 MetroBus terminating Keynsham/Saltford
A4-A37 new or improved orbital links 
Callington Road link (Bristol)
Avon Mill Lane-A4 link including A4/B3116 junction and/or other A4 junction upgrading
Coalpit Heath Up to 1,500 Coalpit Heath offers proximity to the BNF, Science Park and Emersons Green Enterprise Area. Strategic development along the A432 Badminton Road, in combination with further growth at Yate/Chipping Sodbury would support investment into rail at Yate and MetroBus. It would also support existing and provide new services/facilities and employment opportunities in the locality. MetroBus
P&R
Pinchpoint schemes and junction improvements
Winterbourne Frampton Cotterel bypass
Total of strategic development locations Up to 36,100  
Non strategic growth Up to 3,400 Development of up to 1,000 dwellings at each UA to accommodate on-going housing development in villages and towns which is needed to enable local communities to thrive.  
  Development of up to 400 dwellings at the SW Bristol part of Ashton Vale that lies within the City boundary and is within the South Bristol Link Road and makes only a limited contribution to the Green Belt compared to other GB locations. Given 400 units, it is not strategic in size, but would contribute to non-strategic growth within Bristol.  
Total Up to 39,500